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# risetime() - Signal Processing

### Syntax

### Example

### Output / Return Value

### Limitations

### Alternatives / See Also

### Reference

R = risetime(X) returns a vector, R, containing the time each transition of the input bilevel waveform, X, takes to cross from the 10% to 90% reference levels. To determine the transitions, risetime estimates the state levels of the input waveform by a histogram method. risetime identifies all regions that cross the upper-state boundary of the low state and the lower-state boundary of the high state. The low-state and high-state boundaries are expressed as the state level plus or minus a multiple of the difference between the state levels. See State-Level Tolerances. Because risetime uses interpolation, R may contain values that do not correspond to sampling instants of the bilevel waveform, X.R = risetime(X,FS) specifies the sampling frequency in hertz. The sampling frequency determines the sample instants corresponding to the elements in X. The first sample instant in X corresponds to t=0. Because risetime uses interpolation, R may contain values that do not correspond to sampling instants of the bilevel waveform, X.R = risetime(X,T) specifies the sample instants, T, as a vector with the same number of elements as X.[R,LT,UT] = risetime(...) returns vectors, LT and UT, whose elements correspond to the time instants where X crosses the lower- and upper-percent reference levels. [R,LT,UT,LL,UL] = risetime(...) returns the levels, LL and UL, that correspond to the lower- and upper-percent reference levels.[...] = risetime(...,Name,Value) returns the rise times with additional options specified by one or more Name,Value pair arguments. risetime(...) plots the signal and darkens the regions of each transition where rise time is computed. The plot marks the lower and upper crossings and the associated reference levels. The state levels and the corresponding associated lower- and upper-state boundaries are also plotted.

R = risetime(X)R = risetime(X,FS)R = risetime(X,T)[R,LT,UT] = risetime(...)[R,LT,UT,LL,UL] = risetime(...)[...] = risetime(...,Name,Value) risetime(...)

Rise Time in Bilevel WaveformOpen This Example Determine the rise time in samples for a 2.3 V clock waveform. Load the 2.3 V clock data. Determine the rise time in samples. Use the default 10% and 90% percent reference levels.load('transitionex.mat','x'); R = risetime(x) R = 0.7120 The rise time is less than 1, indicating that the transition occurred in a fraction of a sample. Plot the data and annotate the rise time.risetime(x); Rise Time with 20% and 80% Reference LevelsOpen This Example Determine the rise time in a 2.3 V clock waveform sampled at 4 MHz. Compute the rise time using the 20% and 80% reference levels. Load the 2.3 V clock data with sampling instants. Determine the rise time using the 20% and 80% reference levels. Plot the annotated waveform.load('transitionex.mat','x','t'); risetime(x,'PercentReferenceLevels',[20 80]) ans = 0.5340 Rise Time, Reference-Level Instants, and Reference LevelsOpen This Example Determine the rise time, reference-level instants, and reference levels in a 2.3 V clock waveform sampled at 4 MHz. Load the 2.3 V clock waveform along with the sampling instants.load('transitionex.mat','x','t') Determine the rise time, reference-level instants, and reference levels.[R,lt,ut,ll,ul] = risetime(x,t); Plot the waveform with the lower- and upper-reference levels and reference-level instants. Show that the rise time is the difference between the upper- and lower-reference level instants.plot(t,x) xlabel('seconds') ylabel('Volts') hold on plot([lt ut],[ll ul],'o') hold off fprintf('Rise time is %g seconds.',ut-lt) Rise time is 1.78e-07 seconds.